Farmers' welfare and retirement system

ABSTRACT According to the National Development Council, Taiwan formally became a senior-age society in August 2018. In 2018, the dependency ratio reached 37.9%, and the old-age support ratio was 20.1%. In Taiwan, 98,000 farmers who are over the age of 65 are still actively farming because they...
ABSTRACT In the aftermath of the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster, which occurred in March 2011. Radioactive materials spread from the power plant continue to remain in the farmlands of Fukushima. Consequently, consumers are reluctant to purchase agricultural products from Fukushima, causing...
ABSTRACT The main problem for internally displaced people after natural disaster is livelihood insecurity which contributes to other serious life sufficiency and health risks. The study investigates the socioeconomic, disaster risk and livelihood changes, disaster risk management and potential...
ABSTRACT Korean agriculture has traditionally been maintained in the form of collaborative labor among the villagers and labor exchanges in families and rural villages. However, as economic development progresses, the proportion of family labor, joint labor and labor exchange of rural community...