Iqbal Rafani

Latest Submission of the Author

ABSTRACT According to the National Development Council, Taiwan formally became a senior-age society in August 2018. In 2018, the dependency ratio reached 37.9%, and the old-age support ratio was 20.1%. In Taiwan, 98,000 farmers who are over the age of 65 are still actively farming because they...
ABSTRACT This paper analyzes the existence of edible-nest swiftlet as part of commodity exports from Indonesia. About 90% of edible-nest swiftlet was exported; while domestic consumption was quite minor, namely 5%. Indonesia was recorded as the biggest exporter in the world sharing around 70-80...
Country: Indonesia Topic: Agribusiness
ABSTRACT Indonesia is the eighth top tea-producing country in the world. The central tea-producing areas are 10 provinces among 34 provinces in the country. Recently, the domestic tea industry of Indonesia is facing problems in terms of decreasing planted area, lacking technology application,...
Country: Indonesia Topic: Overview
ABSTRACT In 2016, Taiwan’s new government of President Tsai proposed a “New Southbound Policy” (NSP) for the country’s diplomatic strategic planning to maintain long-term positive relations with the ASEAN and South Asian countries. The basic principles of Taiwan in promoting the NSP are...
Country: Taiwan Topic: Overview
ABSTRACT This article aims to discuss the area, production, consumption, export and import, encountered problems, and policy support to one of Indonesia's important crops-garlic. It is quite interesting since the country depends on (above 90%) of imported garlic, particularly since the economic...