FFTC Journal of Agricultural Policy

Accepted Manuscripts

Smart Agriculture for Small Farms in Vietnam: Opportunities, Challenges and Policy Solutions

Dao The Anh, Pham Cong Nghiep

Vietnam’s agriculture has gained outstanding achievements such as having a foothold on its food and nutrition security, solving the jobs in the rural areas, its contribution to GDP, etc., but it has also been facing challenges in the context of climate change and disasters. Smart agriculture is a solution for Vietnam and its small farmers to overcome the above difficulties. Smart agriculture helps farmers gain access to complete and timely information, skills, techniques to make better decisions in their production and trading. This will lead to farmers’ increases in productivity, outputs, income and profits. The application of smart agriculture in Vietnam still has some basic limitations such as small household size, high cost in technology investments, difficulties in accessing capital, land and suitable technologies, etc. To develop smart agriculture in Vietnam, the State needs to innovate policies on digital transformation in line with smart agricultural technology so that small households and cooperatives can have convenient access.

Keywords: smart agriculture, digital transformation, small farms, policy solution

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Smart Transformation of Community-Based Approaches in Japan

Sakae Shibusawa

Digital farming is the latest stage of modern agriculture, which let us lead to the question “who makes decision on farm management with full of data?” Exploration for answering to the question needs at least two storyboards of thinking in a systems approach: a new stage of farm work mechanization and a new phase of farm work decision in physical and cyber spaces. Typical topics introduced here were: four phases of decision in precision agriculture, community-based approaches, digital farming scheme and target, cyber-physical farming model, and policy linkage, which are usually involved in the movement of agricultural transformation. These topics will help readers to explore the future farming schemes in countries.

Keywords: precision management, community-based, cyber-physical, mechanization

3

Transfer of Smart Agriculture Technology from MARDI to Young Agropreneurs in Malaysia: The Case of High- Value Vegetable Production by AgroCube

Rozhan Abu Dardak, Muhd Akhtar Mohamad Tahir, Khairul Anuar Shafie , Rasmuna Mazwan Muhammad

Technology transfer from a government research institution to small and medium enterprises (SMEs) is crucial to ensure the products of research and development (R&D) will gain market acceptance. Technology is useless until it benefits the community in general. However, technology transfer is the most challenging and critical process. Thus, technology developed by government research institutions must be transferred for the benefit of the community in general and in specific, the entrepreneur. This paper shares the experience of MARDI, one of the largest government research institutions in Malaysia, in transferring smart agriculture technology to young entrepreneurs. Smart agriculture refers to the application of ICT technology in producing agricultural products. MARDI developed a small-scale or container-type plant factory called AgroCube to grow high-value vegetables. MARDI transferred the smart agriculture technology through formal training (theoretical and practical) conducted at the MARDI Training Center. More than 500 young agropreneurs participated in the training, and they received a direct knowledge transfer from the researchers. After completing the training, the young agropreneurs can venture into high-value vegetables for the premium market in Malaysia. However, the challenges faced by the young entrepreneurs are related to getting financial assistance and marketing the produce. This financial issue was resolved by introducing soft loans by the Agrobank, and the marketing issue was guided by the Federal Agriculture Marketing Authority (FAMA).

Keywords: Technology transfer, smart agriculture technology, agropreneur, entrepreneurship

68

Technology Transfer in the Agriculture Sector: Implementation Experiences of WeRise in Indonesia and the Philippines

Iris D. Bugayong, Keiichi Hayashi, Ma. Excelsis M. Orden, Lizzida Llorca, Nurwulan Agustiani, Lia Hadiawati, Idri Hastuty Siregar, Fennie Lyn A. Pantin

The Weather-rice-nutrient integrated decision support system (WeRise) is a web-based app aimed at improving productivity and livelihoods in rainfed rice areas. It provides advisories on optimum sowing and fertilizer application timings using suitable varieties. It was developed by the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI)-Japan collaborative research project (IJCRP) and IRRI-Philippine Rice Research Institute (PhilRice)-Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences (JIRCAS) collaborative research project (IPJCRP) with funding from the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries of Japan and JIRCAS. The IJCRP and IPJCRP ended in December 2020 and March 2021, respectively. Research institutions may lack the mandate to monitor research investments and assess the impact of projects after they end. However, funding agencies expect them to target and achieve development-oriented impact goals (Douthwaite et al. 2017). Technology transfer pathways (TTPs) can facilitate impact by enabling systematic transitions and gaining the commitment of transfer recipients on project sustainability. Using the cases of WeRise technology transfer in Indonesia and the Philippines, we map the processes in developing the TTPs and discuss technology transfer implementation experiences and lessons learned. Understanding the local context, early and consistent stakeholder engagement, partnership building, flexibility and responsiveness, and a communication plan were important in implementing the WeRise technology transfer.

Keywords: WeRise, technology transfer, rainfed rice, digital agriculture

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