Effendi Andoko

Latest Submission of the Author

ABSTRACT Food security has become a significant discussion point because of its relation to individual welfare in developing countries. Based on Article 33 of the 1945 Constitution, the Indonesian Government in principle has the legal authority to maximize the nation's natural resources to...
ABSTRACT Climate change is a natural condition that is beyond human control and has an impact on various aspects of life. Agriculture is the sector most vulnerable to the effects of climate change. In Indonesia, climate change impacts have significant implications, especially for national food...
ABSTRACT Taiwan relies heavily on food supply from international trade. It has a high population density and food production is insufficient. The labor force population is declining year by year due to the low fertility rate and aging population. In 2018, Taiwan's food self-sufficiency rate is...
ABSTRACT In recent years, the trend in coffee consumption has increased rapidly in various countries, especially in Indonesia. The government has predicted that there will be a significant increase in domestic coffee consumption in the coming years — the central government plans to increase the...
ABSTRACT Indonesia is the second-largest producer of natural rubber in the world. Indonesian rubber is the only commercial source of natural rubber production, which represents nearly half of the total world rubber production due to its unique mechanical properties, such as tear resistance,...