Changing Trade Policies to Ensure Agricultural Export Growth in Vietnam in post COVID-19

Dao The Anh

In 2020, Vietnam's agriculture industry faces many big challenges such as the COVID-19 pandemic, natural disasters and floods, contagious diseases such as African swine fever. Even in the difficult context of the COVID-19 pandemic, the Vietnam’s agricultural sector still maintains a fairly high growth, especially agricultural export with GDP growth rate reached 2.65%; total agricultural export turnover reached 41.25 billion USD. The market of agricultural products continues to develop, and the domestic market is expanded. The Vietnam’s government promptly solved problems of value chain disruption to urban with measures supporting industries and applied many creative solutions to promote agricultural exports. Vietnam not only meets domestic consumption demand but also surpasses countries such as Thailand and India in rice export, reaching 3 billion USD in 2020 (MARD, 2020). Products such as seafood, vegetables, industrial plants, furniture... have also confirmed their position and competitiveness in the world market. The export to nearly 200 markets, including high-value markets such as the US, EU, Japan, China... has brought the export value of Vietnam's agricultural, forestry and fishery products to the second in the South-East Asia and the 15th in the world. In order to strengthen the competitiveness of the export agricultural value chains that ensures quality products and food safety, the Vietnam government has issued policies on promoting value chain linkages and applying high-tech in agricultural value chains aiming at exportation. Particularly, in February 2021, the Vietnam government had approved the National project to promote the export of agricultural, forestry and fishery products to 2030, confirming the contribution of Vietnam to world food security.

Key words:  Agricultural exports, Policy, COVID-19, Vietnam