The traditional bamboo-based cultivation system in Damyang, a county in Jeollanam-do in South Korea, has been recognized as a Globally Important Agricultural Heritage System (GIAHS), a designation managed by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). It is the fifth site in South Korea to receive the certification.
According to the FAO website, the traditional bamboo cultivation system in Damyang has followed traditional sustainable farming practices while respecting the environment for more than 1,000 years.
The system closely combines nature and traditional farming practices. It adopts a multi-layer production model, with bamboo as the main crop, tea trees, mushrooms intercropping. The system also has farmland, vegetable gardens, rice fields, and water reservoirs, which make up the whole landscape.
Besides, the system is believed to facilitate the dynamic circulation of water, nutrients, and biodiversity, providing essential ecosystem services to local communities and protecting the landscape from soil erosion and drastic temperature changes.
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